The Barefoot investor buckets were an incredible success, selling over 1.43 million copies since 2016. Australian’s were clearly struggling, and needed a simple money management system.
The Barefoot investor started a movement, sometimes light heartedly referred to as a cult. Once you have read the book, you will notice those little orange cards everywhere.
Wouldn’t it be nice if you had complete understanding of your household budget. If a system to let you know when you could splurge and when you should tighten the purse strings?
This article will outline the pros and cons of the Barefoot investor buckets, and alternative money management systems.
By the end, you will have decided on a system that will work for you. Whether or not you have a mortgage, single or multiple offset accounts, and steady or lumpy and irregular income.
Why is a Money Management Strategy Necessary?
The success of the Barefoot Investor really came down to the need for people to have a system to track income and spending. We all want to save towards long-term goals, but we also want to have fun along the way.
There is a big risk of going to extremes in either direction. Many ignore their future and spend almost everything on luxury purchases and experiences. Often, they are overwhelmed with the task of working out how much they need to save, so assume it’s impossible and give up.
Others save and invest enthusiastically, but can struggle to spend anything and miss out as a result. They often also don’t know how much they need to put aside, and live in fear they are not saving enough.
Neither is the way to a balanced and happy life. We all need to find the balance between YOLO (You only live once) and financial independence (by traditional retirement age or before).
Saving 20% of Your Post Tax Income
Scott Pape gave an easy answer – save 20% towards your long-term goals. Australians sighed a sigh of relief from being given a concrete answer. Of course, 20% may not be enough for late starters, but it is a great starting point.
Dev Raga, a medical finance podcaster has adopted this idea as a simple and powerful way listeners can improve their financial outlook.
Ideally, we should all make a financial plan (with or without professional help). Often looking 40+ years in the future seems overwhelming for young professionals trying to plan their goals.
If the distant future is still a little foggy for you, 20% is a great starting point, alongside shorter-term plans.
What Are the Barefoot Investor Buckets?
I can recommend the Barefoot Investor, unusually readable for a finance books and extremely popular.
If you like the vague outline here I’d recommend a buying a hard copy as it’s easier to refer back, and make notes on. With the novel type layout it takes a bit of flicking back and forth to get clear on the structure.
The critical features of the barefoot investor buckets is to separate your income into:
|Blow Money (all post tax income)||10% Splurge – Guilt free fun short term money (coffees, nights out, clothing you want rather than need etc)|
|60% Living expenses All the boring essentials|
|10% Smile Bigger fun goals – Wedding, holidays etc|
|20% Fire ExtinguisherHigh interest debt pay off Mojo – Initially $2000 then build up to 3-6 months expenses House Deposit Pay off home loan Boost superannuation / Invest|
|Grow||Superannuation contributions (increased to 15%) Boost from fire extinguisher|
Four years ago, just as I had decided to get serious about making a financial plan and investing for retirement, I read the book.
Instituting it did involve changing my bank accounts and direct debits. This was a day’s work at the time. I discovered the ING card, and still use this as my splurge account.
Incidentally, opening my ING accounts was hassle free, all manageable online in a few minutes. The ING card allows ATM fee withdrawals worldwide and no international transaction fees for overseas purchases, awesome for those of us with family overseas.
I liked the system, it was organised. I previously had direct debits coming out of random accounts and occasionally creating overdrawn fees.
The Barefoot buckets involved having many accounts, as I set up categories for saving for our next car, the childrens’ education etc. Detailed reviews on the Barefoot investor buckets are available at Sustainable Living (Check out the video, hilarious!) and Captain FI.
Barefoot Investor Buckets With a Mortgage
Scott Pape suggests putting your Mojo money in a separate account, not your mortgage offset. This is probably the most controversial part of his system, and where many choose to make their own variation.
Three months living expenses is a lot of money to anyone, whatever their income. Keeping it in an account earning 0.3% interest means it is losing value against inflation. In a few years, it will cover less than 3 months living expenses because the cost of everything has gone up.
The motivation behind Scott’s suggestion is to try and protect the reader from themselves. If you’re not looking at that money sitting there, you are less likely to spend it on a non-emergency.
I don’t know about you, but there is no way I would forget I had that amount of money “hidden” in an account. Most accounts are accessible with a few clicks, so it’s not really inaccessible.
Most with a mortgage will put their Mojo money/ emergency fund in an offset. Learn all about the power off the offset here. Label it “Emergency” or “Disaster” or something that will remind you it is a big deal to spend this cash.
You have to learn some self-control with money management. Over the long term this in unavoidable.
You will also need multiple accounts to run the Barefoot investor buckets. If you have a mortgage, you will likely want them to offset your mortgage interest. I happened to have a mortgage with a provider that allowed multiple offsets (CBA).
This was working very well, until I needed to refinance to buy the next investment property and CBA wouldn’t give me the terms other banks would. I have had to transfer all my lending to ANZ, who only allow one offset (without extra fees).
Barefoot Investor Buckets with a Credit Card
Scott Pape is very anti-credit card. Fair enough, with the average Australian holding a balance of $2813 that will take over 6 months to pay off.
He feels the points and interest free period just aren’t worth risking an interest charges if you miss the payment deadline. This is a perfectly reasonable approach, that many people stick to. Nowadays you can use your visa debit to pay for everything, there is no need for credit cards.
But ultra-optimisers love those points and 55-day interest free period. They will utilise the automatic repayment option to eliminate any risk of missing a payment.
I recently paid the school fees on my credit card. I know the theory of compounding interest, but was still shocked when I noticed this warning on my statement. If I were to make minimum payments only, this credit card debt would take over FOURTY YEARS to pay back!
Of course, I am in the fortunate position of paying my credit card in full each month without fail. But this is literally daylight robbery. You can see why people struggling to survive on a meagre income could fall into a bad debt cycle, from which it would soon become almost impossible to escape.
Barefoot Investor Buckets with Irregular Income
Many of the readers of this blog will have highly variable income, either through variation in out of hours, or total hours worked each month, or because they are self-employed.
Those with self-employment income need to manage their own tax, keeping tax to be paid ideally in an offset account until payment is necessary.
How do you transfer 20% fire extinguisher cash regularly when you don’t know how much you will get paid? Organising manual transfers each pay based on the income amount would be onerous and annoying.
Many will be able to average last year’s pay and base the percentages on that. But this still doesn’t account for any extra income that may come in, or those on wildly irregular income. What if this year’s income maybe double, or half of last depending how your business performs (and global pandemics?)
The system is not really set up for this scenario.
Barefoot Investor Buckets – Great Bits
The highlights of the barefoot investor buckets, in my opinion are:
- Separating discretionary spending from essential spending
- Putting a limit on discretionary spending automatically makes us prioritise what really provides value without feeling like we’re completely missing out.
- Giving a concrete goal for super savings (increase to 15%) and other savings (20%). Not perfect for everyone, but good enough for most
- ING card (I love it)
I have raved about Empower Wealth before. They are a property investment company, and run the hit podcast “the property couch”. They also have a “Money Smarts” online management system that anyone can access for free and have released the book Making Money Simple again.
As a client of Empower Wealth, I have been encouraged to move over from my 12 account system to using My wealth portal. I was very happy with my Barefoot Investor buckets. It took time and effort to get all the accounts and direct debits moved over 4 years ago so I had no intention of changing.
With my mortgages moved over to ANZ with only 1 offset available, I have been ripped away from the Barefoot investor buckets (kicking and screaming) to reluctantly try the Wealth Portal.
A Simpler Money System? The Portal
The portal is intuitive and easy to use. You do not need to be an Empower Wealth customer to use the platform.
The system is really made with a purpose of carefully tracking and capturing income surplus, which can then be used to invest.
I think it would be especially useful for those who want to invest in property and need to accurate calculate they can afford to. Ambitious savers/investors who want to maximise every dollar would likely also benefit.
Wealth Portal Data Input
It requires a couple of hours, depending on the complexity of your situation to get all the data in to begin with accurately. It is a time commitment to do this, and you really want it to be as accurate as possible. Nonsense in equals nonsense out.
You will need to go through past bank account and credit card statements to find out what you actually spend, not what you would like to spend. I do worry it would be quite easy to miss out spending categories completely, or to declare expenses twice due to the categories.
Wealth Portal – Money Management System
The system is based around you having two accounts (primary and living and lifestyle) +/- a 55 day interest free credit card.
All pay goes into your primary account (offset against your mortgage). A set amount of “living and lifestyle” money goes into a second account each week. Any weekly discretionary spending should come out of this account.
|All Post Tax Income||Primary Account||Credit card||Essential spend only (bills, direct debits)|
|Direct payments||Bills, direct debits|
|Loans||Mortgage, car loans etc|
|Provisions||Irregular provisioned spending eg holidays|
|Surplus||Unspent cash to accumulate and pay down mortgage / use to invest|
|Living and Lifestyle||Discretionary spending including groceries|
|Superannuation||Super contributions as normal|
In contrast to the Barefoot approach, this Mojo / fun money equivalent includes grocery spending. Groceries are a grey area – your household obviously need to buy some food, but most of us throw quite a few discretionary items in the trolley at the same time.
The intention of including groceries in the living and lifestyle budget is to limit this, and as a result capture those extra saving.
Those who feel comfortable with a credit card will pay all the essential expenses they can using it, and have an automatic repayment for the full payment scheduled from the primary account each month.
A critical point is that no discretionary spending should go on the credit card.
Those who would prefer not to use a credit card simply pay for all essential expenses directly from the primary account.
You can set “Provisioned” spending on the portal to be taken from your primary account. This includes lumpier spending, such as the annual budgeted holiday.
Discretionary / Essential Grey Areas Not Included
Groceries are included in the living and lifestyle / discretionary account. But there are other grey areas that are not considered.
Fuel to get to work is necessary, but repeated long distance travel for camping or other leisure activities is discretionary, but under this system will be included in essential spending.
Similarly, basic clothing is essential, but upgraded spending on a nicer sweater than the “base model” is discretionary.
Groceries are likely to be the most regular area of discretionary over spending. The other grey areas will be captured within the primary account budget, but not have a similar level of attention as grocery spending.
Those trying to capture a surplus in a tight budget may benefit from examining these grey areas more closely, particularly if they’re prone to over spending in these categories.
Wealth Portal – Surplus Target
Once you enter all the initial data, a simple dashboard displays your income, expenditure and target surplus, per month and year. The goal is to match or beat your target surplus.
If your target surplus is inadequate for your goals, you get to examine ways to increase the gap between income and expenses.
The portal then has a “Money Fit” section where you can compare your situation with other participants who have entered data on the system. This is good for identifying areas in which you spend more than the average.
The “Money Stretch” section then lets you input data from the platform to get a visual representative of how long your savings would last should your income be interrupted.
My Wealth Portal – The Great Bits
I think with any money management system like this, the benefit you receive is dependent upon the effort you put in. In this case, it is mostly upfront effort and then only a brief monthly entry to update the system on the balances on your accounts and credit card.
It will likely take me a while to get used to, although I can already (I hate to admit) now see the benefit of having almost all the cash in a single account.
I had been concerned having a large amount in one account may make me feel wealthier and subconsciously spend more.
But actually, so far, I find myself motivated by being able to see clearly the progress made towards fully offsetting our own home mortgage.
The best parts of this system in my opinion are:
- Separating discretionary from essential spending
- Great for data nerds (ahem) who like to see visual representation of progress towards goals
- If you put the effort into maintaining accuracy, excellent at finding that little extra surplus cash needed for investing
- Manageable with a single offset account
Simplest Money Management?
This is for those not wanting to put in a huge amount of data (either for privacy or hassle factor).
If you just want to simply manage money effectively and save a decent amount, despite income variation, can I suggest a very simple system inspired by the two systems above?
Ask your work to put a set amount of discretionary / mojo/ fun money into an account (you can then direct debit half to your partner if you would like to separate your fun money).
Separating your discretionary from essential spending will help you stop accidentally absorbing any extra pay, such as the extra net pay your recieving from the 2021 tax brackets changes.
Ask your work to put the rest into your primary account.
All post tax income
Fun money account ? 10%
Coffees, nights out, can be combined or separate for couples
Primary account/ offset
Emergency fund – Account should never dip below the value of your emergency fund
Investment amount ? 20% – direct debited out to your share portfolio or investment mortgage
Living expenses (bills, food etc) +/- credit card for essential purchasing only
Short term savings goals – track in Excel (eg $200/fn towards next car)
Optimise up to $25,00 annually
Direct debit 20% (or however much you need) of your income out of your primary account into an investment of your choice (or superannuation).
If you have short-term savings goals (for example saving for a holiday), you can keep your cash in the primary account / offset and keep track of is using a simple excel document.
You may need to reduce living expenses and / or fun money, or increas income to make meeting these shorter term goals possible.
Use your primary account / offset or a credit card that is paid off automatically each month from this account to pay all direct debits, bills and living expenses.
Aim to keep your balance above your emergency fund target (3-6 months living expenses) at all times. If it dips below, urgent action is required to increase income or cut spending to restore.
You can use an expense tracker to track your spending on categories such as groceries, and budget a certain amount each month, or just monitor for changes in spending.
Which of the above systems do you prefer? Do you have a different approach? Comment below to help others looking to manage their money effectively.
Aussie Doc Freedom is not a financial adviser and does need offer any advice. Information on this website is purely a description of my experiences and learning. Please check with your independent financial adviser or accountant before making any changes.